Different types of materials are used in bone grafting. Examples include: Your own bone taken from one part of your body, the “donor site,” and moved to another part of your body, the ‘’graft site”. Bone taken from another person which is then sterilized and freeze-dried before being placed into your body. Bone taken from an animal, usually a cow, which is then sterilized and freeze-dried before being placed into your body. Synthetic and other materials Your dentist will advise
Certain dental restorations, such as implants, may not be possible without bone grafting. Bone grafting increases the amount of bone available to support these restorations and to build your jaws and gums into a more ideal form.
Bone grafting procedures involve minor to moderate pain as well as the risk of infection to both the graft site and the donor site. There is also the risk of your body rejecting the bone graft and setting up an infection around it. When this occurs, the area must be cleaned and another bone graft must be done once the site has healed. Even when the bone heals well, grafting may need to be done more than once to build
The alternative is to do nothing. Implants may not be possible and alternate dental treatments may not be as stable or comfortable.
After treatment you must be careful not to chew near or disturb the surgical site. As with any wound healing, a faster result with fewer complications will occur if the surgery sight is left unharmed. Once the bone graft has healed the area can be treated normally.