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What causes Periodontal Disease?


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Gingivitis occurs when plaque is allowed to build up around a tooth and create a sticky layer which causes a gum infection. If you look in your mouth you will see redness, swelling and bleeding of the gum around your tooth. Periodontitis occurs in susceptible patients when a long-term gum infection is

not treated. Infection and resultant inflammation lead to the loss of ligaments and bone around the root of your tooth. Factors which significantly increase the risk of developing periodontitis include:

  • Genetics
  • Smoking
  • Diabetes
  • Medications (certain anti-seizure, blood pressure, and
  • immunosuppressant medications)
  • Stress
  • Poor Oral Hygiene